Lulzim ALIU: SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES OF SEVERAL BALKAN LANGUAGES

Abstract
 
The development of the verbal categories associated with the relationship between the speaker and the information conveyed through the message, i.e., the verb forms such as the Albanian admirative and the renarration in the Macedonian language, which are viewed as the grammatical opposition of subordination / coordination, have never been considered in the classical catalogue of balkanisms. Apart from this, in comparison with the more obvious occurrences, such as the definite particle, the morphology of the future, as well as the numbers, this grammatical category is more subtle and more difficult to determine. This is proved by the fact that in the beginnings of the modern tradition of the Albanian and Macedonian language grammar these forms and meanings have not been recorded, whereas there is a development of an immense secondary literature related to these problems. The Albanian admirative and similar occurrences in the Slavic languages are more typical of the spoken language than the written language, especially in the formal and narrative styles.
The Albanian language, maybe more than any other European language, has been regarded throughout the centuries as the most vital part of the people’s endurance, as an expression of the culture, but also as an identifier of their being. The well-known researcher from Kosovo, Rexhep Ismajli says that the language is sometimes absolute and identified with the being, and sometimes considered as a function of the human kind among the many other functions being performed in the life of a society.