The subject of this presentation is an investigation on the location and description of the settlement network of the southwestern part of the Pasa Sancaği, which corresponds to the current region of Western Macedonia within the nation state of Greece and contains the areas of Kastoria, Florina, Kozani, in Early Ottoman Period (15th – 17th centuries), as well as how this may be interpreted as a factor of social and economic development. The settlements are studied in terms of their location in the area and relative geographical (economic, social) position.
The natural geographical context is examined and the geographical scope of the area of study is defined. The insufficient sources (Ottoman tax registers) of the Early Ottoman period are mentioned and commented on. The primary and secondary settlement network is identified and a hierarchy of the settlements is proposed based on the number of timariot (feudal) homes, in conjunction with the examination of the settlement network as per the economic geographical territory, not for the total time period, given that the facts are insufficient for an overall approximation. The administrative division of the area of south-western part of the Pasa Sancaği in the Early Ottoman Period is provided in two chronological phases, which define the period of study: one at the end of the 15th century and one in the second half of the 17th century. This study provides data about the existence of the significant settlements which are administrative headquarters for the regions.