Issue 2a, July 2013

menon_issue_2a_2013_fpp_001.jpgThe Faculty Of Education announces the publication of the second issue of MENON: Journal Of Educational Research

This open access journal welcomes papers in English, as well in German and French.
All submitted manuscripts undergo a peer-review process. Based on initial screening by the editorial board, each paper is anonymized and reviewed by at least two referees.  Referees are reputed within their academic or professional setting, and come from Greece and other European countries. In case one of the reports is negative, the editor decides on its publication.

MENON © is published at University of Western Macedonia – Faculty Of Education.

*Due to the increased number of manuscripts submited a 3rd issue (Issue 2b, 2013) will be published in September 2013
 
MENON Issue 2a: Articles list

Vasilika POJANI, Benita STAVRE: A contrastive insight into some english problematic sounds for the albanian students of EFL

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to identify the difficult sounds and phonemes, the EFL Albanian students encounter during their language learning. By presenting the physiology of the sounds pronunciation and articulation, the Albanian students become aware of the non-compliant features for some problematic English sounds, which either differ in their articulation or do not exist at all in the sound system of their native language. Based on the long experience of English phonetics and Phonology teaching to EFL students at the Faculty of Education and Philology, we undertook this comparative study to describe the theoretical background of these sounds articulation in order to minimize students’ difficulties in learning pronunciation and to help them acquire good command of English language. Despite being a descriptive paper, we strongly believe that it will serve as a reference material not only for Albanian students, but also for teachers of EFL in other countries to build similar patterns of contrastive insight between English sounds and the respective native language of their students.
 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 5-12)
 

Alma Karasaliu: A critical approach to the translation of Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels” into Albanian language

Abstract

Stylistic devices have always been writers’ best ‘tools’ not only for the degree of expressiveness they enable, but also for their effectiveness in transmitting implied messages to the reader. Jonathan Swift is one of those writers whose ‘simple and clear style’, the combination of puns, parody and irony are artfully used to imply messages, with the view of enhancing self-consciousness. This paper presents the conveyance of the stylistic elements and devices employed by Jonathan Swift in his “Gulliver’s Travels”, into the target language by the translator, Halit Selfo. Likewise, the study will focus on the techniques utilized by the translator during the process of translation with the view of creating impressive and relevant effects on and target language readership. The contrasting will be carried out by analyzing genuine instances where relevant techniques have been used with a view of transmitting the intended message from the source language to the target language readership. In the end, it will be pointed out that transposition, adaption and contextualization are some of the main devices the translator has employed conveying, in general, a message very similar to the one in the source language.

 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 13-21)
 

Edlira Xega: Contextualization of intercultural aspects displayed in English textbooks in the Albanian classes, Korca city

Abstract

The aim of this study is to identify intercultural aspects that appear in the English textbooks in the Albanian context. It emphasises the lifelong learning aspect of education, and the need of expanding capacities and facilitating relations among learners belonging to different cultures. It is seen how some of the defining principles, pedagogical methods, subject specific skills and intercultural activities treated in the English textbooks, relate to the realities of classroom practice in Albanian educational system syllabuses. It is an investigation of the background knowledge and learning experience of Albanian learners engaged in the study of English through English textbooks applied in different school levels in Korca city, elementary schools, Albania. I have done experimental research in the form of a questionnaire survey, and a survey on some intercultural activities organised in classrooms. I am focused on Albanian learners’ perceptions of how the cultural diversity between Albanian and English intersects with the pedagogical aim of promoting learner awareness of cultural differences, when the context of study is an Albanian area of study. The results of the questionnaire  for the intercultural activities, held in different school levels support for the efficacy for fostering cross- cultural and intercultural perspectives

 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 22-34)
 

Georges Stavrianos, Iphigénie Vamvakidou, Paraskevi Golia: DEFINITIONS ET SIGNIFICATIONS DU QUOTIDIEN EN HISTORIOGRAPHIE

Abstract

L’objet de la recherche concerne “l’histoire du quotidien” ainsi qu’ il est décrit dans la bibliographie marxiste. Nous prenons comme point de départ pour cette analyse le discours de Braudel dans les Annales. C’est la raison pour laquelle nous nous efforçons de mettre en évidence des indices que l’on puise dans les œuvres des marxistes et des metamarxistes de l’école allemande, anglaise et française  (19ème-20ème siècle) concernant la définition du quotidien: nous composons d’une façon critique les variantes et les constantes qui définissent le quotidien dans la science de l’histoire. Le but de cette étude est de localiser les définitions ainsi que les significations du quotidien

 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 35-41)
 

Pekis Anastasios: Exploring the kindergarten teachers’ views about the infants’ assessment in preschool education

Abstract

One of the key features in the educational process which can bring, through appropriate methods and techniques, positive results for the tutor, the child and the educational process, in general, is the infants’ evaluation during preschool education. This study was designed to explore the kindergarten teachers’ perspectives upon the infants’ assessment in preschool education. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, a research survey was conducted, during which a small-scale questionnaire was given to a convenience sample of 79 kindergarten teachers working in the public kindergartens in Chania. According to the results, significant deficiencies in   kindergarten teachers’ training were observed. However, the importance of evaluation in the kindergarten, using alternative forms of assessment, such as the systematic observation and the portfolio was acknowledged by the kindergarten teachers. Portfolio itself is a major methodological tool, but it seems that the teachers are unaware of its organization; instead, the documentation of the children’s schoolwork is deemed to be the portfolio. The need for extra training during their studies in the Departments of Education and possibly through seminars is also pointed out by the teachers. In conclusion, the infants’ evaluation has been accepted by kindergarten teachers, as it is greatly conducive to the teaching and learning process

 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 42-56)
 

Alexandra Prentza: From teaching English to adults to teaching children: the changes that a teacher has to make

Abstract

This paper will consider the methodological changes that teachers of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) who have been teaching adult learners must make when they have to or wish to teach younger learners, i.e. children. In a social and cultural environment where adjustments in the way (foreign language) teachers work are imperative, the current work will offer a discussion that will analyze both theoretical and practical issues of the matter. On the basis of the consideration of younger and older learner characteristics, the paper will argue that the topic-centered approach, couched within the inter/multi-disciplinary method of teaching, integrated with fun activities may be a suitable and effective way of teaching foreign languages to children

 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 57-68)
 

Lindita Kaçani, Pavllo Cicko: How to improve the approach to foreign language grammar teaching

Abstract

The teaching of grammar has been one of the most controversial issues in foreign language education. The demand for superior communicative ability in the target foreign language has made confused teachers about the approach in teaching grammar for a communicative purpose: teaching grammar explicitly or implicitly. Reviewing relatively recent theoretical and empirical studies on formal explicit and implicit grammar instruction, the paper presents the need of both types of grammar instruction to promote foreign language acquisition. Considering historical backgrounds on their use by foreign language teaching methods, the recent perspectives on the use of explicit approach in a communicative context, the choice of either type of instruction is greatly determined by the educational objective, differences in the specific language feature that is being taught as well as by differences in learners’ and teachers’ characteristics, abilities and preferences. Teachers need to be eclectic in selecting the appropriate instructional strategy to address the needs of their learners and contexts

 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 69-79)
 

Vasiliki Karra: Ideology and Gender in Angela Carter’s ‘The Passion of New Eve’

Abstract

Looking into the issue of gender in literary works, women are usually depicted as traditional stereotypes of women as nurturing, passive and submissive. The idea of women who may be violent was seen as inadequate due to the difficulty which society as a whole as well as academic discipline have, in seeing violence or aggression, even anger, as part of the female character. There exist two sexes and two genders and between them there is a set of rather obvious correspondences. The assertion that gender is not determined by sex has simply reinforced a division between the biological and the social in a way which leaves our understanding of biological sex fairly intact. Angela Carter stresses the performative and surface nature of gender identity and she does so by dealing with the question of bodily and sexual transformation at several different levels

 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 80-89)
 

Fabiola Kadi: La poésie engagée dans la religion, sa réception et ses relations avec le lecteur contemporain

Abstract

We often hear the definitions engaging literature, engaging poetry, phrases that make us think deeper about their meaning. The question is:  how can poetry, the art of free speech, the art of released images, and of dreams that float in space, become ‘enslaved’ and put in the service of a particular cause, limited within the framework of time and space? Which are the main themes of engaging poetry? Is religious poetry always engaging? What is the relationship of this poetry with the public, or with its readers? What is its life expectancy? Such questions often arise regarding engaging poetry. With this paper, which is based mainly on the ideas of the French writer Jean-Paul Sartre, in general we have tried to bring a critical approach regarding engaged poetry, and religious engagement especially in poetry
 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 90-98)
 

Konstantinos Nikolantonakis, Laurent Vivier: Positions numeration in any base for future Elementary school teachers in France and Greece: one discussion via Registers and Praxis

Abstract

The numeration in any base for whole numbers is a mathematical topic which introduces new registers of representation. We reinterpret the question for treatments in the new registers in the language of praxeologies: new praxis is to be built. In this paper, our first objective is to examine the cognitive distinction between treatment and conversion made by Duval for the registers of numeration in base other than ten. Two inquiries was made and analyzed with the Statistical Implicative Analysis (SIA) that has permitted to show two cognitive difficulties for coding numbers into the position numeration in any base that comes from: 1) the base is different from ten and 2) the base is greater than ten. Our second objective concerns the technological potential of polynomial writing. The SIA permits us to show that this register is important for the success of the types of tasks and for the construction of techniques in any base
 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 99-114)
 

Sofia Gkouvousi: Public housing estates in Greece. Services and housing projects

Abstract

The need for production of public housing estates in Greece is the result of particular Greek housing conditions and appears mainly after the Second World War (1940-1945). Although the housing activity before 1940 was not significant, except for the decade 1920-1930, the article will analyze the issues that existed immediately after the liberation of the Greek state from the Turkish domination and will attempt to separate them into periods. Each period will be presented and analyzed separately by referring to the main points that characterize it and will be tried, if not answered, at least commented some of the following issues: the size of the housing problem, the factors associated with it (reasons for shortage of housing) and the housing policy (modes of housing production - housing agencies and programs) in order to face it. It should be noted, however, that the public housing estates in Greece until the 1970 was almost exclusively confined to settlements of social agencies (Workers’ Housing Organisation, various ministries, etc.) as a result of important historical events and under the pressure of pressing needs (rehabilitation of refugees, victims of wars, internal migrants, etc.) and a few private industrial complexes built occasionally covering a small percentage of housing needs
 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 115-121)
 

Efthalia Konstantinidou, Georgios Iordanidis: Studying educational leadership for social justice as identity: Towards a critical-reflexive discourse analysis of academic research texts

Abstract

In this methodological paper we present a discourse analytic framework which has been developed for studying academic research texts on educational leadership for social justice as texts of identity. Theoretically, the discourse analytic framework has two main orientations: a critical orientation in terms of studying the particular texts as governing educational leadership for social justice as identity, that is as both creating and regulating it by describing and explaining certain actions as leadership for social justice; and a reflexive orientation in terms of studying academic research texts as contributing to the constitution and reproduction of the ‘romance of leadership’ rather than just producing knowledge about leadership phenomena. Methodologically, in order to convert the theoretical orientation into analytic practice, a combination of discursive social psychology with systemic functional linguistics has been used for a micro- to macro-, three-level analysis of selected academic research journal articles: first, analysis of the governing of identity as textual practice accomplished by grammatical choice and its textual, ideational, and interpersonal metafunctions; secondly, analysis of the governing of identity as genre practice accomplished by genre choice as an additional linguistic resource; and thirdly, analysis of the governing of identity as discursive practice accomplished by mobilizing familiar themes of leadership discourse. Finally, the implications of the use of this discourse analytic framework for research in educational administration as well as for training educational administrators are discussed
 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 122-134)
 

Eleni G. Gavra, Eleni Matraki: The Greek Presence in Transylvania through the Historical Monuments

Abstract

The Greek presence in the territory of Romania in the field of architecture varies by period. However, an important monumental reserve is connected with the commercial and business activities of the Greek people during the last centuries. This reserve has been located and studied in the past and only recently it has been subject of scientific research and recorded under a bilateral (Greece-Romania) inter-scientific research collaboration. In Romania today the protection, management and enhancement of the natural and cultural environment is of paramount importance not only as a value but also as a critical tool towards the sustainable development of the country. On the other hand Romania, in the latter years, represents a major tourist destination due to its rich and varied cultural heritage. The present article deals with the influence of the Greek merchants in the region of Transylvania during the 18th and 19th as it results through the monumental reserve and especially through buildings with a religious character recorded and characterized as Historical Monuments
 
MENON: Journal Of Educational Research, http://www.kosmit.uowm.gr/site/journal (ISSN: 1792-8494)
Full article: ISSUE 2a, 2013 (p. 135-145)